Rail and Port Activities Buoy Economy, Top Priority

In an earlier post, an alternative to rebuilding the areas hit by Sandy was posed. In addition to storm resistant building materials and construction, a revamping of zoning laws that respected nature’s sheer destructive capabilities, by restricting housing developments, was offered. As a nyportqualification to that idea, economic engines such as ports, rails and others should be the first, if not the only sector, to be rebuilt in the same locations. Ports are inherently exposed to the risks associated with coastal environments. Although the situation is not the greatest, the site is superb, enabling commerce that is a cornerstone of many port cities’ and regions’ economies. It could be argued that housing development also generates revenue, but where is the analysis that proves the cost of this storm is not outweighed by those revenues. Generating upwards of hundreds of billions of dollars annually in New York alone, the economic impact of ports and related infrastructure is proven to be more valuable.

New York officials will meet with lawmakers on Capitol Hill (Hearings – U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, & Transportation) in the coming hours to discuss the damages incurred from the storm and appeal for support in the effort to rebuild. The congressmen should be prudent and not write blank checks. While the wish to restore everything and everyone back to the day before Sandy touched shore is admirable, it would be more gallant to consider the future.

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Rebuild versus Relocate

imagesandyUpon all the wrath meted out by Hurricane Sandy and with billions of dollars expected to be the cost of recovery, decision makers insist on building back in the same areas that suffered the biggest blows. They are convinced that they can build “better” and develop “climate resistant” infrastructure. These concepts are futile since they assume that the worst has past. Meanwhile, the full potential of the earth’s destructive potential hasn’t materialized. They also assume that the most recent phenomenon on record will be the measure by which these concepts are applied.

According to a piece from the World Resources Institute, damages have averaged a hefty $34 billion annually over the past three decades. The costs will only increase as weather patterns change and deadly storms increase in frequency and intensity. Eventually, the cash won’t be able to compete with grand scale catastrophe. In his appeal for federal aid, the governor of New York has pointed out that the value of the damage from this storm far outweighs the value of Katrina and therefore must be rebuilt, this time better and stronger.

After Katrina, there was no urgency among the coastal cities and states to evaluate and respond to their vulnerabilities to extreme weather. If Sandy posed a greater threat than Katrina, then what rules out the possibility that another one can come along and be even stronger than Sandy? In that case, the attitude of build bigger and stronger deserves a challenge from modified zoning policies and minimum, environmentally synced resistance. Building specifications may be upgraded to withstand a stronger wind but if the rating is say,100 mph and the next “hurri’easter” exceeds that, then you’re back where you started. It’s time that rezoning and moving out of harm’s way are considered. Living on the coast is a personal choice, facilitated by zoning laws, that allow developers to build in places that they know are subject to major damage as a result of major exposure to coastal storms. Planning and zoning polices, rather than or in addition to, increased spending on weather resistant building material, need to recognize the risks to developed coastal property and adjust accordingly to effectively reduce damage, saving lives and property.

Benefits and Magnitude of Mass Transit’s Impact

This post about transit leads in to tomorrow’s weekly discussion on the same topic. Transit is rarely featured in the news in terms of its ability to aid a very stressed economy. Absent the sensationalism of sex scandals and intrigue, you don’t find it presented that much in your evening local news or on the talking head shows that come on the television on Sunday mornings. That’s unfortunate because mass transit is proven again and again to be a worthy weapon in combating a host of projectiles. Air pollution and dependency on oil costs billions of dollars a day in wars and healthcare. Increased costs in infrastructure maintenance straps states and municipalities leading to neglect or at worst the failure of a bridge. Mass transit is one solution for primary as well as secondary economic liabilities. Below are a couple of infographics (one from Transportation Issues Daily and the other from Dialogue 4 Health) that give an overview of what transit has to contribute to solving an economic crisis from many different angles.

Infographics: Public Transportationhttps://i2.wp.com/api.ning.com/files/pPXcnoF7O4unmOyUrayPuxnfF1K3MrlCnXvZFog1o3w04c4gwiIUXFCxKBOLlieA5RALAu6kRGekluqKgYIgF6YJcQjEda6y/InfographicRoleoftransportationinphysactivityALRRWJ.jpg

U.S. Geography of Personality: The United States of Mind? « Cultural Geography « GeoCurrents

One expression of geography is the study of people and places and the impact they have on each other. The impact of the environment on humans is made obvious in this article from GeoCurrents. The maps show evidence of the hidden influences that surface through human behavior and attitudes based on place. While we as humans insist on subduing the earth and shaping it to fit our needs, we forget the bidirectional flow of effects. Cold climates will make you uptight, too much asphalt and concrete might make you apt to have schizophrenia just as economically depressed environments. Click on the link below for more in depth coverage.

U.S. Geography of Personality: The United States of Mind? « Cultural Geography « GeoCurrents.

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